Welcome to the wonderful world of static typing! This guide will get you from zero to a simple project that is type checked with Pyre.
To get started, you need Python 3.6 or later and watchman working on your system. On MacOS you can get everything with homebrew:
$ brew install python3 watchman
On Ubuntu, Mint, or Debian; use
apt-get and homebrew:
$ sudo apt-get install python3 python3-pip python3-venv watchman
We tested Pyre on Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS, CentOS 7, as well as OSX 10.11 and later.
Setting up a Project
We start by creating an empty project directory and setting up a virtual environment:
$ mkdir my_project && cd my_project
$ python3 -m venv ~/.venvs/venv
$ source ~/.venvs/venv/bin/activate
(venv) $ pip install pyre-check
Next, we teach Pyre about our new project:
(venv) $ pyre init
This command will set up a configuration for Pyre (
.pyre_configuration) as well as watchman (
.watchmanconfig) in your project's directory. Accept the defaults for now – you can change them later if necessary.
We are now ready to run Pyre:
(venv) $ echo "i: int = 'string'" > test.py
(venv) $ pyre
ƛ Found 1 type error!
test.py:1:0 Incompatible variable type : i is declared to have type `int` but is used as type `str`.
This first invocation will start a daemon listening for filesystem changes – type checking your project incrementally as you make edits to the code. You will notice that subsequent invocations of
pyre will be faster than the first one.
This page should contain all of the basic information you need to get started with type checking your own project.
If you are new to the type system, the introduction to types in Python is recommended reading to familiarize with the type system, gradual typing, and common type errors.
If you are looking for more options to configure your type checking experience, the configuration page explores command line and configuration file settings.